Understanding Global   
Development Challenges

Reports

Towards Sustainable Migration. Interventions in countries of origin.

The unprecedentedly large influx of migrants in Europe and the accompanying political tensions underscore the urgent need for a sustainable EU migration strategy. If left unchecked, the migration challenge will jeopardise the pillars of European integration and solidarity. But, if proactively and effectively managed, the migration challenge can be transformed into an opportunity both for Europe and for origin countries.

This Report argues that the process of translating challenge to opportunity must start by addressing the factors determining the extent and composition of migrant flows in the countries of origin. This means that internal measures at the centre of the EU response to migration to date need to be complemented by stronger joint external actions, within the framework of longterm development policies.

The Report identifies a set of coordinated actions in countries of origin that are critical to the broader EU strategic response to migration. These actions include improving local labour market outcomes, investment in education and training, skills accreditation, equipping prospective migrants with “migration knowledge and skills”, incentivising circular and return migration, diaspora engagement and safeguarding children left behind by migrant parents. Taken together, these actions would help ensure that migrants move out of free choice and arrive in their destination countries well-prepared for the labour market and cultural challenges they will face there. Implementing these actions will require resources far exceeding those allocated to date and a much closer coordination among the numerous concerned parties.

 

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"Moving upstream the “relevant” migration frontier. Strategic priorities to turn the migration challenge into a development opportunity"

Laura Frigenti* and Furio C. Rosati**

Migration is one of the most pressing issues on the international political agenda. Despite its current immediate emergency, however, migration is the result of long-term factors and very likely to last for many decades ahead. This calls for a new and more integrated approach to international migration, deeply rooted in sound empirical evidence of the complex dynamics driving people global mobility and emphasizing the key role of countries of origin as the centre of gravity of current and future migration policies and interventions to turn the migration challenge into a development opportunity for both origin and destination economies.