Towards Sustainable Migration. Interventions in countries of origin.
This Report argues that the process of translating challenge to opportunity must start by addressing the factors determining the extent and composition of migrant flows in the countries of origin. This means that internal measures at the centre of the EU response to migration to date need to be complemented by stronger joint external actions, within the framework of longterm development policies.
The Report identifies a set of coordinated actions in countries of origin that are critical to the broader EU strategic response to migration. These actions include improving local labour market outcomes, investment in education and training, skills accreditation, equipping prospective migrants with “migration knowledge and skills”, incentivising circular and return migration, diaspora engagement and safeguarding children left behind by migrant parents. Taken together, these actions would help ensure that migrants move out of free choice and arrive in their destination countries well-prepared for the labour market and cultural challenges they will face there. Implementing these actions will require resources far exceeding those allocated to date and a much closer coordination among the numerous concerned parties.